Not too long a time ago, in an existence nearby, people saved.
Credit was a four letter word, or a six letter word, or whatever you want to all it, as long as you get my point.
People worked hard, and enjoyed the sweet taste of their labour.
They knew their networth on their fingertips, and there was no question of extending oneself beyond.
People were happy. They had time for their families. Words like sophistication, complicated and what have you had simpler meanings.
At the end of the month, as large a chunk as possible was pickled away.
Safety. Steady growth. For building a lifetime’s corpus. For the future generation.
Life was straight-forward.
Then came leverage.
At first, leverage was an idea that was looked down upon. People were slow to leave their safety zones.
Then they saw what leverage could do.
It could make possible a lifetime of fun. One could do things which were well out of one’s financial reach currently. Leverage could even buy out billion dollar companies.
All one had to do was to pledge one’s incoming for many, many years. If that didn’t suffice to fulfill one’s fun-desires, one could even pledge the house. The money borrowed would eventually be paid up, along with the compound interest, right? After all, one had a steady job that promised regular income.
What use was a lifetime of sweat if one didn’t get to enjoy oneself? One couldn’t really live it up after retirement, could one? That’s when one would eventually possess enough free funds to do what one was doing now, with the advent of leverage.
The do-now-pay-later philosophy soon took over the world.
Without being able to afford even a meaningful fraction of their expenditure, people began to go beserk.
What people didn’t know, and what they are now finding out the hard way, is that leverage is a double-edged sword. Since people didn’t know this, and since they didn’t bother to read the fine-print of the documents they were signing while leveraging their monthly salary or their home, well, financiers didn’t bother to educate them any further. No hard feelings, it was just business strategy, nothing personal.
Today, we know more. Much much more. Hopefully we have learnt. We are not going to make the same mistakes again.
So, when you buy into a company, look at the leverage on the balance-sheet. A debt : equity ratio of 1 : 1 is healthy. It promises balanced growth. If the ratio is lower, even better. We’ll talk about debt : equity ratios that are below 0.5 some other day.
Most companies do not have a healthy debt : equity ratio. Promoters like to borrow, and borrow big. You as an investor then need to judge. What exactly is the promotor using these funds for? Is he or she using these funds to finance a hi-fi lifestyle, with flashy cars, villas and company jets? Or is the promoter using these funds for the growth of the company, i.e. for the benefit of the shareholders? Use your common-sense. Look into a company’s management before buying into any company.
As regards your own self, reason it out, people. Save. As long as you can avoid taking that loan, do so. Loaned money comes with lots of hidden fees. If I’m not mistaken, now you’ll even need to pay service tax and education cess on a loan, but please correct me if I’m wrong. There’s definitely a loan-activation fee. Then there’s the huge interest, that compounds very fast. Ask someone who has borrowed on his or her credit card. There’s the collateral you’re promising against the loan. That’s your life you’re putting on the line. All for a bit of leveraged fun? How will your children remember you?
Also, when you invest with no leverage on your own balance-sheet, your mind is relaxed. There is no tension, and your investment decisions are solid. Furthermore, if you’re invested without having borrowed, there’s no question of having an investment terminated prematurely because of a loan-repayment date maturing coupled with one’s inability to pay.
How does the following sentence sound?
” Then came leverage, and common-sense disappeared.”
Not good, right?