…is my happy space.
When I’m having a difficult market day,…
…I open my calculator…
My friend clears all doubts in a flash.
It’s easy to compound on the calc.
In German they’d say “Pippifax”.
The younger tribe in the English-speaking world would say easy peasy…
Let me run you through it.
Let’s say you wish to calculate an end amount after 25 years of compounding @ 9 % per annum.
Let z be the initial amount (invested).
The calculation is z * 1.09 ^25.
You don’t have to punch in 25 lines. It’s 1 line.
What if you went wrong on the 18th line?
So 1 line, ok? That’s all.
What’s ^ ?
This symbol stands for “to the power of”.
On your calculator, look for the y to power of x key, and then…
…punch in z * 1.09 (now press y to the power of x)[and then punch in 25].
What does such an exercise do for me?
Meaning, why does this exercise ooze endorphins?
Let’s say I’m investing in sound companies, with zero or very little debt, diligent and shareholder-friendly managements, and into a versatile product profile, looking like existing long into the future, basically meaning that I’m sound on fundamentals.
Let’s say that the stock is down owing to some TDH (TomDicK&Harry) reason, since that’s all it’s taking for a stock to plunge since the beginning of 2018.
I have no control over why this stock is falling.
Because of my small entry quantum strategy, I invest more as this fundamentally sound stock falls.
However, nth re-entry demands some reassurance, and that is given en-masse by the accompanying compounding exercise.
At the back of my mind I know that my money is safe, since fundamentals are crystal clear. At the front-end, Mr. Compounding’s reassurance allows me to pull the trigger.
Let’s run through a one-shot compounding exercise.
How much would a million invested be worth in thirty years, @ 11% per annum compounded.
That’s 1 * 1.11^30 = almost 23 million, that’s a 2300% return in 30 years, or 75%+ per annum non-compounded!
Now let’s say that my stock selection is above average. Let’s assume it is good enough to make 15% per annum compounded, over 30 years.
What’s the million worth now?
1 * 1.15^30 = about 66 million, whoahhh, a 6600% return in 30 years, or 220% per annum non-compounded.
Let’s say I’m really good, perhaps not in the RJ or the WB category, but let’s assume I’m in my own category, calling it the UN category. Let’s further assume that my investment strategy is good enough to yield 20% per annum compounded.
Ya. What’s happened to the million?
1 * 1.20^30 = about 237 million…!! 23700% in 30 years, or 790% per annum non-compounded…
…is out of most ballparks!!!
How can something like this be possible?
It’s called “The Power of Compounding”…,
…most famously so by Mr. Warren Buffett himself.
Try it out!
Pickle your surplus into investment with fundamentally sound strategy.
Lo, and behold.
I am disturbed.
This stock that I’m invested in is continuing to fall.
I want to be disturbed.
That’s my cue…
…to invest more in the stock.
I’m in the stock for a reason.
Something appeals to me.
That something continues to appeal to me, despite the continuous fall.
If that were not the case, the case for the stock would be closed, and one would look to get rid of it on a market high.
However, that is the case,…
…and, I follow the small entry quantum strategy.
Where does that leave me?
My investment in the stock is small.
I am liquid.
That’s the beauty of the small entry quantum strategy.
It leaves you liquid.
Continued fall means better margin of safety, and that another quantum can go in.
The small entry quantum strategy ensures multiple entry opportunities as the stock continues to generate margin of safety.
When do my ears stand up?
When the fall is disturbing enough.
The fall is the cue to go in.
It is from Disturbia.
Who said making money was easy?
This strategy works as long as one’s research is sound.
Let’s go with what works.
Income-oriented linear growth…
… is single-digit.
There’s something safe about it.
It’s going to be there tomorrow, and after that.
Safety means less return.
You’re ok with that as far as basic income is concerned.
Not so the case when it comes to wealth.
With wealth, the multiple comes into play.
Multiples dance to a different tune.
The search for multiples can lead to negative return – for a while at least.
The level of reward is coupled to a corresponding level of risk.
In comes time.
Wealth-play is palatable because of time not pushing you to the wall.
With time on your side, the ingredients of your cooking-pot have ample opportunity to sprout and grow into big trees.
If growth is not able to take off owing to lack of circumstance, this becomes the breeding ground for negative return. High deductibles add to the bleeding. After all, it’s wealth you’re seeking to generate, and there will be a little blood.
Such is the game.
If you can’t stomach the ride till the multiples emerge, play the income-game full-time instead.
However, once you start to digest the wealth-game, you realize that is really quite headache-free and pretty much an auto-pilot avenue.
You’ll even start to like it when the first multiples emerge!
Boney M sang this blockbuster hit in the ’70s.
I’m sure you’ve heard it, because it’s still the rage.
he’s crazy like a fool – what about daddy cool?
Who’s Daddy Cool?
You tell me.
Is it you, in a cool cucumber moment, slow to respond to stimulus, devoid of anger, master of your situation in a kinda non-bossy, non-micro-managing (cool) way?
And what of Mr. Hyde’s Dr. Jekyll nature?
We’re talking about your “like a fool” moment.
Just for your information, winning behaviour is often termed foolish by the crowd.
Contrarian investing is one such example.
Successful derivative trading is another.
To cap it, let’s not even talk about private equity in real-estate.
Did someone mention high-yield structured-debt?
There are many examples of “foolish” behaviour.
These same examples earn very well.
… how do we do it?
We maintain our cool.
We keep all basics going, as they are.
With a small portion of our surplus, we take calculated risks, in a controlled environment.
Sure, these risks will appear foolish to someone on the outside.
However, our controlled environment has installed riders for our safety.
A balance-sheet might be stressed, but not stressed enough for bankruptcy.
A lock-in might be ultra-short.
A stop-loss might be in place.
Collateral might be up to 4x.
There might be a highly reputed Trustee in between.
What have you.
Have your Daddy Cool fool-moments.
Take some calculated risks with small portions of your surplus.
These should give your portfolios an extra-boost.
India’s at the Olympics and all.
We’ve had near misses.
Athletes qualified fair and square.
Not a word against India’s squad.
They’re really trying very hard. One of our gymnasts has even risked her life by vaulting a successful Produnova. Rio-presence is achievement-based, not nepotism-based. It’s tough. It’s incorruptibly monitored. Footfall is highest ever. Indians have made the international cut in many events, like never before. Finishes are all decent. A few finishes are very, very decent, missing the podium by decimals. Our athletes deserve some podium finishes.
However, what are 80 Indian officials doing in Rio, accompanying a squad of 119? Only a few of these 80 are allowed arena access. The rest are what? Long live the exchequer? We build up the exchequer by paying our taxes. We’d like to see its contents used judiciously.
Let’s cast a glance at how our officials are conducting themselves at Rio. Actually, we’ll leave it at the official warning they’ve just received to behave themselves. SHAME SHAME.
Is this good governance?
Do our officials deserve a podium finish?
We’ll have to spend where it counts, on facilities, proper diets and trained physios. We’ll have to save on useless paraphernalia. Red-tape be damned. We’ll have to embrace good governance. We do want podium finishes, don’t we?
One looks up to one’s peers. If they’re corrupt, out of shape and / or out of whack, even the best athlete suffers a psychological downer. Our officials will need to trim down and get their acts together. All of them will need to behave like exemplary ambassadors of the country. They will need to give their wards that psychological boost. Coaches will themselves need to be in shape, to set good examples. Podium finishes will then be around the corner.
Cut to stock-selection.
The biggest and first thing to look for is good governance.
Just cut all the nonsense out of the way, first up, because where you find good governance, you won’t find nonsense.
It all boils down to good governance.
Behind Equity, there’s 41). human capital.
It’s human capital that keeps 42). adjusting equity for inflation.
43). No other asset-class quotes on an inflation-adjusted basis.
That’s good news for you, because 44). equity takes care of the number one wealth-eater (inflation) for you.
All world equity ever quoted, whether currently existing or not, has 45). returned 6% per annum compounded, adjusted for inflation.
46). All equity ever quoted that still exists has yielded 11% per annum compounded, adjusted for inflation.
Equity selected with good due diligence, common-sense and adherence to basic rules listed here and in previous articles is 47). well-capable of yielding 15%+ per annum compounded, adjusted for inflation.
However, equity is 48). a battle of nerves, at times.
This asset-class is 49). more about creating long-term wealth.
It can be used, though, to 50). generate income through trading.
51). Trading, however, is burdened with more taxation, commission-generation and sheer tension.
Trading equity 52). eats up your day.
Investing in equity 53). gives you enough room to pursue many other activities during your day.
Trading strategies are 54). diametrically opposite to investing strategies.
55). It takes market-players the longest time to digest and fully comprehend 54).
For long-term players, 56). up-side is unlimited. This is a vital fact.
Also, 57). downside is limited to input. Factor in good DD, and that very probably won’t even go half-way.
58). Thus, 56). and 57). make for a very lucrative reward : risk ratio.
Equity needs courage, to 59). enter when there’s blood on the streets.
It also needs detachment, to 60). either exit when required for monetary reasons, or when everyone else is getting ultra-greedy and bidding the underlying up no-end.